Air-rail combined transport: development ideas for the traffic layout of the second airport

Air-rail combined transport: development ideas for the traffic layout of the second airport

Source: Civil Aviation Resource Net Expert Author: Ouyang Jie 2011-03-21 10:48:16 I have two sentences ( 0 )

[ professional classification ] airport operation [ Article ID ] 37-2011-0050

Abstract: This paper draws on the experience of European high-speed railway and aviation hub planning and layout, expounds the necessity of structural adjustment of high-speed passenger transportation system in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and proposes the development ideas of the layout of four suburban-type comprehensive transportation hubs in the eastern industrial belt of Beijing. The location of the Capital Second Airport briefly outlines the principles of ground transportation organization of the Capital Second Airport under the background of air and rail transportation.

Keywords: air-rail combined transport; high-speed railway; aviation hub; integrated transportation hub; capital second airport

I. Enlightenment from the development of high-speed railways and aviation hubs in European countries

1. Completely transform the central high-speed railway station in the city center

2. The trend of combining high-speed railway stations in the suburbs with hub airports

3. Focus on the development of a single aviation hub in the context of the airport group

2. Structural adjustment of the high-speed passenger transportation system in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

Third, the layout of the comprehensive transportation hub of the industrial belt in the eastern part of Beijing

Fourth, build four suburban integrated transportation hubs in the eastern industrial belt of Beijing

V. Suggestions on the traffic layout of the Capital Second Airport under the background of air and rail transportation

The Capital Second Airport is a national major transportation infrastructure project that China will start planning and construction in the near future. As the capital of the 100-year plan, the Second Airport has the characteristics of huge investment, wide coverage and wide coverage. The Capital Second Airport has high requirements for internal functions and needs to meet various transportation needs for serving the national capital, regional functions, and urban functions. In addition, as the new airport is still facing the contradiction between the gradual growth of the regional aviation market and the leaping growth of airport design capacity, the construction scale also requires the start-up construction suitable for the recent control scale, and in the medium and long term Meet the needs of large-scale, high standards. In terms of the transportation market, the new airport has to face the global, northeastern, domestic and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region at all levels and all-round airport competition, while also facing the national high-speed railway and intercity high.

Speed ​​railways and highways compete fiercely in short, medium and long-distance transportation.

Overall, the current air traffic forecast for the second airport in the capital is not optimistic. It is necessary to expand the aviation radiation circle by means of the ground transportation network. It is also possible to create the second largest airport and the capital airport respectively. "The win-win situation, to avoid the embarrassing situation of "one after another" in the two airports. To this end, the ground transportation organization of the Capital Second Airport should be based on civil aviation, from the core area of ​​the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

Strategic dimensions such as spatial structure and regional transportation structure are considered in a coordinated manner. The ground transportation organization of the Capital Second Airport is not only limited to meet the travel needs of Beijing, but also needs to be coordinated at the regional level with the national and regional transportation systems. The ground transportation planning should be included in the regional comprehensive transportation system, and Fully docked to the suburban line of the core area of ​​Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the intercity high-speed rail line and the national high-speed rail link. While meeting the needs of national high-speed rail transportation, we should also build a space-time access circle for the high-speed railway network in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region centered on the Capital Airport, the Capital Second Airport and Tianjin Binhai Airport, that is, half an hour to Beijing, Tianjin, Baoding, Direct hinterland such as Langfang, Chengde and Tangshan can connect indirect hinterland such as Shijiazhuang, Zhangzhou, Zhangjiakou, Qinhuangdao and Hengshui in 1-1.5 hours, and reach areas other than Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei in 2 hours.

The empty-rail intermodal mode is the most promising multimodal transport mode that has emerged in the context of the rapid development of high-speed railway and aviation. It has been widely used in European and American countries. As there are still constraints on the management system between the railway transportation and air transportation in China, the connection between the airport and the high-speed railway and the organization of the air-rail transportation are limited to the case operation at the tactical level, which is dominated by the local government. The above-mentioned operational mechanism lacks a top-down strategic overall planning layout at the national level in terms of air and rail transport. To this end, it is recommended that the relevant departments prepare a strategic coordination plan between air transportation and railway transportation on the basis of the National Civil Airport Layout Plan formulated by the Civil Aviation Administration and the Medium and Long-term Railway Network Plan formulated by the Ministry of Railways. After all, the perfect empty railway The intermodal mode is based on the matching of the empty iron facilities.

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Air-rail combined transport: development ideas for the traffic layout of the second airport

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