General import and export process of containers

Container import freight operation procedures mainly include:

1. Transfer of freight documents In the past, mainly from the export port, after the vessel sailed, it sent the freight documents to the import container management department. Now China's major container terminals have begun to use the document EDI.

2. Container unloading preparation Several days before the vessel arrives at the port, the shipping company or its agent shall deliver the following documents to the terminal business unit:

1 cargo manifest (CargoManifest);

2 Container Loading List;

3 Stowage Plan (StowagePlan);

4 container packing list (ContainerLoadPlan/CLP);

5 Notice of expected arrival of the vessel;

6 cargo damage report;

7 Special goods table.

According to these documents, the terminal yard arranges unloading preparations according to the actual conditions of the terminal, and formulates container unloading plans, yard plans, and delivery arrangements.

3. The unloading and stacking dock yard According to the unloading plan and yard plan formulated by the ship unloading the container from the ship and stacking it to the designated storage space in the yard, the following matters should be noted:

1 empty and heavy boxes should be stacked separately;

2 understand the details of the goods in the heavy box;

3 whether to arrange transit transportation;

4 delivery at the dock yard or delivery at the freight station;

5 scheduled delivery date.

4, delivery According to different delivery targets, the main business are:

1 Delivered to the consignee: When the consignee or his agent comes to pick up the container, he should issue a bill of lading issued by the shipping company or his agent. After verification, the terminal yard will deliver the container to the consignee or agent. At the time of delivery, both the terminal yard and the consignee sign and hand over the delivery record. If there is an endorsement of the delivered goods, the endorsement should be recorded in the delivery record. The delivery record is an important document that proves that the carrier’s liability has terminated. .

2 To the container freight station: If it is LCL cargo, the container freight station will transport the container from the terminal yard to the freight station, and deliver the goods to the consignee by unpacking it. Prior to shipment of LCL cargo, the freight station entrusted by the shipping company first contacted the terminal yard, and obtained the container from the yard with the delivery record released by the customs. The two parties handled the handover procedure and signed the container packing list as cargo. Box handover basis. The consignee or his agent will pick up the goods delivered by the shipping company and pick it up at the freight station. After the freight station has verified the delivery, he can deliver the goods. Both parties will sign and hand over the delivery record.

3 To the inland carrier: If the container is shipped intact to the place of delivery in Mainland China, the terminal should contact the shipping company or its agent and return the container to the inland carrier. If the liability of the sea carrier terminates at the terminal yard, delivery records are used for handover; if the inland carrier is the subcontract carrier of the sea carrier, the sea carrier is responsible for the entire journey, the terminal yard and the inland carrier The person only needs to go through the internal handover procedure and then handle the delivery record after the container arrives at the delivery location.

5. Relevant fee collection: When the terminal yard delivers the container to the consignee, it should check whether the storage fee, re-entry fee and other expenses of the goods have occurred. If the above-mentioned expenses are incurred, the terminal yard shall collect fees. , and then deliver the container.

6. Preparation of delivery report and non-delivery report: After the delivery of the terminal yard, prepare a delivery report and send it to the shipping company or its agent as a basis for the ship company to claim compensation for lost or damaged goods. If the consignee fails to pick up the goods on time, a non-delivery report shall be prepared and sent to the shipping company, which will be destroyed by the shipping company. If the consignee does not come to the terminal yard for a long period of time, it should be dealt with in accordance with relevant regulations. The main import cargo operation documents are:

1 Bill of lading;

2 unloading list;

3 Tally documents;

4 container destroys the bill of lading and destroys the imported goods list;

5 unpacking list;

6 delivery records;

7 arrival notice.

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